How many types of philodendron are there? Physical description and care

Philodendrons are a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. Now we need to know how many types of philodendron are there? 

Philodendrons are found in nearly every climate and soil type, from the humid rainforests of Southeast Asia to the drier deserts of North America. All philodendrons require high humidity levels and ample light to thrive; they are not suitable for outdoor planting in most parts of the world. There are more than 450 species of philodendron, and they come in a variety of colors, including pink, yellow, green, and white.

This article will cover some of the different types of philodendron and their care.

How many types of philodendrons are there?

Philodendrons are a type of tropical flowering plant. There are more than 450 types of philodendron plants. Still, only a few dozen varieties are commonly grown in the home garden. Most philodendrons grow best in warm climates, but some varieties can be grown in cooler climates if given supplemental heat. Now we’ll discuss 29 types of philodendrons.

Heartleaf Philodendron 

Heartleaf philodendrons are a type of Philodendron that has heart-shaped leaves. They are popular for their decorative foliage and can grow up to 12 feet tall. Heartleaf philodendrons require high humidity levels and moderate light. They are typically grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron’ Lemon Lime’

Lemon Lime is one of the most popular. This type is easy to grow and care for and can provide beautiful flowers year-round. The leaves are heart-shaped and green, with a yellow center. The flowers are light purple with a yellow center, and they can be up to 3 inches wide. Lemon Lime philodendrons grow best in zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron’ Imperial Green’

Philodendron’ Imperial Green’ is one of the most popular types of philodendron. It has broad leaves that are green and glossy and a tall stem covered in small, attractive flowers. This philodendron is best suited for indoor use as it does not do well in direct sunlight. Philodendron’ Imperial Green’ grows best in zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’

Philodendron, ‘Prince of Orange’, is a hardy philodendron that tolerates low light levels and is great for beginners. It has ovate leaves glossy green on top, with a paler green underside. The flowers are purple, and the plant grows up to 24 inches tall. This philodendron is best suited for zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron ‘Brasil’

The most popular is the Philodendron’ Brasil. This type of plant is easy to care for and can be placed in various settings, indoors or outdoors. Because it is hardy, this plant will survive in most climates. The leaves are heart-shaped, and the flowers are a deep purple with a yellow center. This philodendron grows up to 36 inches tall and has a wide range of colors. It is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron ‘Burle Marx’

The most common is Philodendron’ Burle Marx’. This type is a vine that can grow up to 12 feet long and has glossy green leaves that are heart-shaped. The flowers are white and have a purple center. This plant is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron Xanadu 

Philodendron Xanadu is a species of philodendron that is native to the rainforests of the Amazon River basin. The flowers are large and colorful, and they can grow up to three feet in height. This species is tolerant of various soils and climates, making it a popular choice for gardeners in areas where other philodendrons cannot survive. It is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron Brandtianum

Philodendron Brandtianum is a type of philodendron that can grow quite large. It has striking heart-shaped leaves and can be found in botanical gardens and other public areas. The flowers are blue and can be up to two inches in diameter. This plant is best suited for zones 8 through 11.

Philodendron ‘Moonlight’

Philodendron Moonlight is a hybrid Philodendron. It has a long stem and large, glossy leaves. The flowers are bright yellow, and the plant is tolerant of low light conditions. This type of philodendron is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron pedatum

Philodendron pedatum is easy to grow and can be found in various colors, including green, yellow, red, and purple. It is also a popular choice for indoor plants because it does well in low light conditions. Philodendron pedatum is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron Bipennifolium

Philodendron bipennifolium is a philodendron commonly found in the southeastern United States. It has glossy, dark green leaves arranged in a spiral pattern. This species is tolerant of dry conditions and can be grown indoors or outdoors. Philodendron bipennifolium is best suited for zones 8 through 11.

Philodendron Hastatum

The most common is the Philodendron Hastatum. These plants are often grown as houseplants because they are very easy to take care of. They usually require little water or fertilizer. They typically grow between 2 and 4 feet tall, and their leaves can range in color from green to brown or even purple. Philodendron Hastatum is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron ‘Florida Ghost’

The Florida Ghost is one of the most popular. This philodendron is easy to care for and has large, showy flowers. It needs full sunlight and well-drained soil to grow well. It typically grows between 2 and 3 feet tall, and its leaves can be green, bronze, or even purple. The Florida Ghost is best suited for zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron ‘Thai Sunrise’

Philodendron ‘Thai Sunrise’ is a medium-sized, cool-season philodendron native to Thailand. This lovely plant is easy to grow and tolerates many soil conditions, making it great for gardeners in hot climates. Philodendron ‘Thai Sunrise’ produces large, fragrant flowers in shades of pink and red that are sure to add beauty and color to your landscape. It typically grows between 2 and 3 feet tall, and its leaves can be green, bronze, or even purple. The Thai Sunrise is best suited for zones 8 through 11.

Philodendron Black Cardinal

The Black Cardinal is the most popular and well-known. This plant is easy to grow, requires little water or care, and is perfect for beginners. It can grow up to three feet tall and has beautiful green leaves covered in black dots. The flowers on the Black Cardinal are a deep red color and look like small roses. The Black Cardinal is best suited for zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Grazielae

Philodendron Grazielae is a relatively new variety found in the wild only in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It has striking variegated foliage and grows to about 12 feet tall. The flowers are a deep red color and are similar in shape to the Black Cardinal, but smaller and less fragrant. The Philodendron Grazielae is best suited for zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron Melanochrysum

Philodendron Melanochrysum is a popular species because it is easy to grow, has fragrant flowers, and can be kept in a pot or on the ground. It is typically a smaller plant that only reaches about two feet tall, but the flowers can be up to six inches wide. The leaves are a dark green color and have various shades of yellow and brown on them. The Philodendron Melanochrysum is best suited for zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Gloriosum

Some of the most common varieties include the Gloriosum, the Giant Sequoia, and the Jade Plant. The Gloriosum is a popular choice for those who want a large plant that can grow up to 10 feet tall and have flowers up to six inches wide. The Giant Sequoia is a more manageable variety that only reaches about six feet tall. Still, the flowers can be as large as two inches wide. The Jade Plant is one of the smallest varieties, only reaching about two feet in height, but the flowers can be up to three inches wide. All three of these varieties are best suited for zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron’ Bob Cee’

Bob Cee is the most popular philodendron because of its colorful leaves and flowers. The leaves are light green and have a broad, flat shape. The flowers are typically a deep purple color but can also be pink or white. The Philodendron’ Bob Cee’ is best suited for zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Martianum

Philodendron Martianum is a very rare Philodendron species. It is usually found in the Andes Mountains of South America. This species is hard to find and is only growing in a few places. The flowers are a light purple color and are typically smaller than other varieties of philodendron. The Philodendron Martianum is best suited for zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Painted Lady

Philodendrons are a type of liana that can grow to be quite tall. The most common Philodendron is the painted lady. This type is often sold as a houseplant because of its decorative leaves and flowers. The painted lady is a great choice for someone who wants to add some color and life to their home but doesn’t want something that will grow very large. The Philodendron Painted Lady is typically found in zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Tripartitum

Philodendron Tripartitum is a popular philodendron because it has three leaves. It is also called the 3-leaf philodendron. The 3-leaf philodendron is a great choice for someone who wants to add some color and life to their home but doesn’t want something that will grow very large. The Philodendron Tripartitum is typically found in zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Mexicanum

Philodendron Mexicanum is a common philodendron species native to Central and South America. This plant is typically small, growing up to 12 inches tall, with fragrant flowers that are a yellow or orange color. Philodendron Mexicanum can be difficult to grow, requiring well-drained soil and sunlight. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and other birds, making it an excellent choice for a garden that attracts these creatures. Philodendron Mexicanum is found in zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron Bernardopazii

Philodendron Bernardopazii is a type of philodendron that is native to Ecuador. This plant is rare and only found in the Andes Mountains. The leaves of this philodendron are large and green, and the flowers are pink. Philodendron Bernardopazii is not commonly sold as a houseplant. Still, it can be grown in a pot if you want to care for it properly. This species is found in zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron ‘Majesty’

Many philodendron plants exist, but the ‘Majesty’ type is perhaps the most popular. It has large dark green leaves on top and paler underneath, and its flowers are large and showy. This plant is best suited to indoor growing but can be grown outdoors in mild climates. The ‘Majesty’ type is found in zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron Camposportoanum

Philodendron Camposportoanum is a species of philodendron. It is endemic to Brazil, where it grows in wet forests. This philodendron has narrow, lance-shaped leaves and clusters of small flowers. The flowers are white or pink, and they smell faintly of citrus. This plant is best suited to indoor growing but can be grown outdoors in mild climates. The ‘Camposportoanum’ type is found in zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron Squamiferum

Philodendron Squamiferum is a popular philodendron that is grown for its glossy leaves and variegated flowers. This type of philodendron needs moderate watering and regular fertilization but is not particular about its soil conditions. It is found in zones 9 through 11.

Philodendron Verrucosum

The most common Philodendron is Verrucosum. This plant is often called the Monkey Puzzle Tree because of its dense foliage and jagged, twisted branches. The leaves are oval-shaped and straightforward, with a serrated edge. The flowers are small and greenish-white, and they appear in clusters on short stalks at the tips of the branches. This type of philodendron is hardy in zones 8 through 10.

Philodendron Subhastatum

Philodendron Subhastatum is a type of philodendron that grows about 12 feet tall. It has fragrant leaves and flowers that are white, yellow, or orange. This type of philodendron is native to the rainforest in Central America. It needs moist soil and regular watering but is not particular about its conditions. It is found in zones 10 through 12.

Philodendron Care

There are many types of philodendrons, and they each need a different kind of care. Young philodendrons need less water than older plants, but they still need to be regularly watered. If your philodendron receives too much water, it will become root-bound and unable to absorb oxygen from the soil. Older plants may require more water during periods of high humidity, but they should not get so wet that the leaves start to turn brown. Fertilize your philodendron every two months with balanced plant food, using half the amount recommended for a houseplant. Prune off overgrown branches and roots in spring and fall.

The basic requirements for all philodendrons include good drainage, moderate light levels, and moist soil. Water regularly and allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. Philodendrons also appreciate being moved around occasionally to shake up the roots and get them some fresh air.

FAQ Of How many types of philodendron

How do you recognize a philodendron?

There are different types of philodendrons. They are all easy to recognize if you know what to look for. The leaves are divided into three parts: the base, the midrib, and the tip. The base is broad and flat, the midrib is thin and long, and the tip is pointy. The leaves may also be variegated in color.

 What is the biggest philodendron?

The two largest are the elephant ear philodendron (Aristolochia elephantum) and the broad-leaved philodendron (Philodendron platyphyllum). These plants can grow up to 6 feet tall and 12 inches wide, and their leaves can be up to 18 inches long.

Do philodendrons need light?

Yes, philodendrons do need light. They prefer bright, indirect sunlight or partial sunlight. If they are not getting enough light, their leaves will become spindly, and their flowers will develop slowly.

Is philodendron temptation a climbing plant?

Yes, philodendrons are temptation plants. They love to climb. If you do not want them climbing up your tree, keep their roots pruned so they cannot get too far.

Do philodendrons grow fast indoors?

There are different types of philodendrons, but only a few grow well indoors. The best choices for indoor plants have thick, fibrous leaves and short stems that can easily be pruned. Other good characteristics of indoor plants are tolerance to low light and moisture levels and a fast growth rate.

Is the philodendron a good indoor plant?

All philodendrons are tropical, and not all are good indoor plants. Like the Boston fern, some are tall and spindly and need a lot of space to thrive. Like the Philodendron cordifolium, others are shorter and stockier and can be kept indoors in a smaller space. It’s important to research which type of philodendron is right for your home before buying it, so you know what kind of care is necessary.

What are the most expensive Philodendron types?

Some varieties of this plant are much more expensive than others. For example, the Giant Philodendron (Philodendron giganteum) is a giant variety of the Peace lily that typically costs around $100 per stem.

Another most expensive type of philodendrons is those with especially large leaves or flowers. These plants can cost upwards of $50 per plant and require special care to maintain their appearance. Some growers even go as far as growing their collection of rare species to produce the best possible specimens.

What philodendron are crawlers?

Two types of philodendrons are crawlers: Monstera and Aglaonema. These plants grow slowly but steadily, making them great candidates for indoor gardens or terrariums. They are also perfect for people who want a low-maintenance plant.

Is Monstera a philodendron?

The two most commonly seen are the Monstera and the Philodendron. Monstera is a genus of plants that includes various plants with interesting and unusual foliage. Philodendron is a genus of plants that includes many common houseplants. However, the two plants are not the same; Monstera is a different genus altogether.

What is the darkest philodendron?

The darkest philodendron is the Albino Philodendron, which typically has a lighter green color than other types of philodendrons. This type of philodendron can get quite large, so it’s important to watch its water levels and give it regular light exposure.

What is the most common philodendron?

The most common philodendron is the elephant ear philodendron. Other common philodendrons include the spider plant, heart-leaf Philodendron, and the komodo dragon plant. Each type of philodendron has unique features that make it a favorite among gardeners.

Conclusion

There are many philodendrons, but all require care and attention to thrive. Common philodendrons include the elephant ear, spider plant, bowtie philodendron, and mother-in-law’s tongue. All varieties enjoy bright indirect sunlight and regular water changes to keep them healthy.

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