Plants of the genus Philodendron are distinguished by their propensity for climbing. Because they require little maintenance and can survive in a variety of environments, philodendrons are common houseplants.
Philodendrons’ ability to grow from cuttings is one of their best features. Is it possible to grow a new philodendron plant from a single leaf? The answer is no, but you can propagate your philodendron by stem cutting.
In this piece, I’ll explain how to start a new philodendron plant by cutting off a healthy stem. Keep reading to find out more!
- 1 Propagating Philodendrons from stem cutting in 5 Easy Steps
- 2 How long does it take a cutting to root?
- 3 When Is the Right Time to Transplant Philodendron Cuttings?
- 4 Frequently Asked Questions
- 5 Final Thought
Propagating Philodendrons from stem cutting in 5 Easy Steps
I’ll start by talking through the tools and supplies you’ll need before diving into the specifics of philodendron propagation:
- Knife or scissors with a fine edge
- Wipes treated with disinfectant
- The soil for planting pots
- several clay pots or clear glass jars for rooting stem cuttings
- Powder for rooting (optional)
If you are prepared with all of these items, you can move on to the next step, which is as follows:
Look for stems with a few leaves on your philodendrons and consider that a healthy option. Verify that the stems are both pest and disease free. The ideal size for the cuttings is between 4 and 6 inches, and they should have a couple of leaves.
Locate the stem nodes that bear leaves or aerial roots. Use the disinfectant wipes to clean a knife or pair of scissors that you plan on using. It will keep the stem cutting free of harmful germs and fungi.
After it is finished, you should remove the leaf node or aerial root that is the lowest, between 1 and 2 inches down. Even while I haven’t done any research to confirm it, I believe that making an angled cut in a stem cutting rather than a straight cut increases the possibility that roots will grow in the cutting more quickly.
Just in case some of your cuttings don’t root, it’s a good idea to take a bunch of them.
You can decide whether or not to do this. Dust the cut end with rooting powder to increase the possibility of your stem cuttings taking root. Even though it can take longer, rooting can still be accomplished without the powder.
Cuttings from a philodendron’s stem will root in either water or soil. Both options are simple and productive. The only major distinction is that you can watch the roots form in the water while you wait to see new growths on a plant in a pot.
An explanation of how to root in water:
- Fill glass jars halfway with chlorine-free water and submerge at least one leaf node of each stem cutting in the water.
- Remove any leaves that may come in contact with the water to avoid rotting.
- To keep the water from clouding, you should change it frequently, at least every three days.
- Place the jar somewhere bright, but out of direct sunlight.
- Ensure a constant warm environment
- Wait till the roots have formed.
Philodendron stem cuttings can easily root in the soil. The following are step-by-step instructions:
Prepare multiple containers with well-draining potting soil (peat moss is ideal) and plant the philodendron cuttings inside, covering a leaf node with the soil.
Please give it a little soaking when the top inch or two of the potting soil dries out. Keep the cuttings out of direct sunlight, but provide them with bright light for the best possible development and growth.
The stem cuttings are removed from the water-filled jars or rooting pots once they have rooted.
Now that you know how to reproduce philodendrons from stem cuttings, you can also use air layering or plant division, which is best done when repotting the plant.
All techniques are effective, although stem cuttings appear the most widely used and effective.
How long does it take a cutting to root?
Sometimes, the job is only half done if you select healthy stem cuttings and cut them correctly. It would help if you properly taken care of the root cuttings.
Here are a five things to keep in mind when cheering for success:
- Keep the potting mix moist but not drenched or soggy. A wet potting mixture will result in rotting rather than roots.
- As much light as possible, but steer clear of direct light because it can scorch the stem cuttings.
- Make sure to keep stem cuttings comfortable and away from drafts and sources of severe heat.
- Keep the potting mix evenly moist; avoid letting it get entirely dry.
- To stimulate rapid rooting, apply rooting hormone to the cut ends of the stem.
Philodendron stem cuttings will normally root in 2-4 weeks if done correctly. The stem cuttings’ environmental factors and overall health will impact how quickly or slowly they root.
When Is the Right Time to Transplant Philodendron Cuttings?
The typical time for cuttings to be ready for transplanting is 4 to 6 weeks. Roots should form in water when cuttings are rooted. It would help if you didn’t put them in a pot until they’re at least a few inches long.
Philodendrons can grow in water but won’t thrive as much as they would in potting soil. You can maintain your philodendrons in water if that’s how you like them best.
You can’t see the plant’s roots when they’re rooted in potting mix, but you’ll know they’re planted when new leaf growths sprout on the stem. The stem can then be transplanted without risk.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to root a philodendron cutting in water?
Philodendrons are succulents that propagate from a leaf. The easiest way to root a philodendron cutting is in water. Place the cutting in a pot of water and bring the water to a boil. Reduce the heat and simmer for 15 minutes. Remove the philodendron cutting from the pot and let it cool. Then plant it in soil or sand.
Can you propagate philodendron from aerial roots?
Philodendron is a popular houseplant propagated by rooting offsets taken from the aerial roots. First, determine the number of aerial roots extending from the plant (usually, there are many). Then take an offset, or cutting no more than 1/2-inch long, from one of the aerial roots and plant it in fresh soil. Keep the root ball moist and adjust the water’s pH if needed. Philodendron takes about six to eight months to grow into a new plant.
How do you propagate a large leaf philodendron?
Cut a large leaf from the plant, careful not to damage the stem. Make an incision 1 inch deep and use a sharp knife to slice the leaf’s midrib. Insert the cut end of the leaf into a potting soil mix and water well. Place in indirect sunlight or on a windowsill in warm weather. In winter, please place it in cool light. When the new plant has grown several leaves, cut it back to the ground flush with the soil.
Where do you cut a philodendron for propagation?
There are many ways to propagate a philodendron from a leaf, but the most common is to cut the leaf off the plant and then root it in water or soil. You can also try taking cuttings from new growth or dividing an existing stem.
Now that you know it isn’t possible to propagate philodendron from a leaf, how to propagate a philodendron plant from a stem cutting, and how to assure effectively rooted, you do not need to purchase another philodendron unless you wish to diversify your collection. And even then, you might inquire among your social circle for cuttings. It is essential to harvest stem cuttings properly and maintain a wet potting mix. If it becomes dry, your cuttings may also become dry, and you will need to begin again. Therefore, I advise you to start many cuttings so that if one fails, you will still have others to monitor.
My name is Md Deloar Hossain and I’m the creator of Club Gardening, designed for all your gardening ideas, gardening product reviews, and a place to help you find the best gardening experience possible.