Succulents are a popular gardening choice because they’re easy to care for and come in various shapes and sizes. But how do succulents reproduce?

Few plants can lay down more than a few roots, let alone multiply exponentially. But succulents, a group of drought-tolerant plants including cacti and echeverias, can do both. Succulent plants produce offsets or new plants with root systems but no leaves. These new plants can grow into clones of the original plant or even into new species.

In this article, we’ll explain how succulents reproduce and give you tips on how to help them do so in your garden.

How Do Succulents Reproduce

Succulents are a great choice for a garden because they require very little water and can go months without any. They reproduce by sending out long, thin roots that grow into new plants. This process is called offsets or rooting.

There are a few things you can do to help succulents reproduce :

How Do Succulents Reproduce through the division of root pieces?

When dividing succulents, it is important first to determine the size of the pot they will be in. Succulents that are small enough to fit into a quart-sized pot can be divided into thirds. Succulent plants larger than a quart-sized pot can be divided into halves or fourths. When dividing root pieces, leave at least one intact stem so the plant can continue to thrive.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through the layering of succulent cuttings?

The easiest and most foolproof way to achieve success when propagating succulents is through layering. This involves taking a cutting from a healthy succulent plant and gently placing it into soil or water. Once rooted, the new plant will grow around the original cutting, creating a sturdy colony of plants.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through rooting softwood cuttings?

When rooting softwood cuttings, the first step is to clean and dry the cutting. Make a small hole in the bottom of the cutting and insert a rooting hormone. Cover the rooting hormone with soil, so it doesn’t evaporate after planting the hormone soaked by cutting in a potting mix, water it well, and place it in a bright light area.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through rooting hardwood cuttings?

There are a few ways to root hardwood cuttings. One is to use a rooting hormone, such as Rootone or Super rooting hormone, and then place the cutting in a moistened sand or soil container. Keep the cutting moist but not wet, and wait for roots to form. Another method is to place the cutting in water and wait for roots to form.

How Do Succulents Reproduce taking stem cuttings?

Taking stem cuttings of succulents is a great way to get new plants without purchasing them. First, make a small incision into the stem at the desired cutting location to take a stem cutting. Please make sure the incision is deep enough so that a root will be able to grow through it, but not so deep that the stem breaks. Then use a sharp knife or scissors to cut off the desired amount of stem. Be careful not to damage the leaves or flowers on the succulent! Place the cutting in water and wait until it roots before planting it in your garden.

How Do Succulents Reproduce layering of stem cuttings?

Stem cuttings taken from succulents can be layered and used to create new plants. The first step is to select a healthy stem that has multiple nodes. Make a 1-inch slice from the stem, discarding the node at the top and bottom of the slice. Next, take several equal-sized pieces of new growth and place them on top of the stem cuttings. Ensure that there is enough space between each piece so that water and nutrients can reach all parts of the cutting. Finally, cover the cutting with plastic wrap or a garden soil bag and keep it in a warm place until roots form.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through taking leaf cuttings?

Leaf cuttings are a great way to propagate succulents. First, select a healthy succulent stem that you want to grow new plants from to take a cutting. Make a 1-inch lengthwise slice just below the leaf node. Then make a horizontal slice about 1/2 inch below the vertical slice you just made. Finally, make an angled cut about 1/8 inch away from the horizontal and vertical cuts. Gently remove the bottom 2-3 leaves from the stem and place them in a glass of water mixed with some plant food (such as plant fertilizer). Let the cutting sit in this mixture for 3-4 days, or until new roots form. Then carefully transfer the cutting to fresh soil and water.

How Do Succulents Reproduce layering of leaf cuttings?

If you are taking cuttings from a succulent plant, it is important to know the layering process. When taking a cutting, the first step is to make a small sliver from the stem. This will allow you to create new plants by layering the cutting onto soil or gel medium. Once your planting medium has been prepared and your cuttings have been layered in, water and fertilizer can be added.

How Do Succulents Reproduce by fusing two or more succulent plants?

When two or more succulent plants are fused, the resulting plant is called a hybrid. Fusing succulents is a great way to increase the number of plants you have on hand. It also allows you to create new and exciting varieties of succulents. There are a few things you will need to do to fuse succulents successfully:

  1. Make sure that both plants are healthy and have good roots.
  2. Clean the pots and stems of both plants well.
  3. Use a sharp knife to slice off the roots of one plant near the base and place it in the pot of the other plant.

Be sure to leave about an inch or two of root attached so that water can flow into and out of the newly created hybrid.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through grafting?

The best grafting method for propagating succulents is a side-by-side graft using a single bud. Cut the scion (the cutting to be grafted) and the rootstock (the plant from which the scion is taken) to the desired length and make a horizontal cut on one end of each. Make a vertical cut on the opposite end of the scion, then remove the lower slice, keeping the bud intact. Please match the horizontal cuts on both pieces and bind them together with grafting tape or twine.

Ensure that the rootstock is healthy and has plenty of growing room before you begin; too much stress can kill the graft. Keep in mind that it may take several weeks for the graft to take hold, so be patient and don’t disturb it unnecessarily.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through rooting in water?

There are many ways to propagate succulents in water. Still, the most common is rooting cuttings taken from a healthy plant. Remove a 2- to 3-inch piece of stem from the succulent, wash it well, and place it in water just below the soil’s surface. Replace the water every other day until new roots begin to form. Once new roots have formed, plant the cutting in fresh soil and enjoy your new succulent!

How Do Succulents Reproduce through planting in soil?

Succulents propagate by rooting offsets, which can be produced from a single leaf or stem. Succulent propagators, available at garden centers, make the process easy. To produce an offset, cut a 2- to 3-inch stem from a healthy succulent, wash it well, and let it dry completely. Make sure the end you cut off is clean and free of any roots or leaves. If the stem is woody, trim off the end of the cutting to flush with the rootstock. Push a small piece of fresh potting soil into the base of the stem and tamp it down gently. Place your succulent on top of the soil and press down gently to secure it in place. Water well and allow to dry out for several days before planting in.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through fragmentation?

When succulents reproduce, they do so by fragmentation. This is a method where the plant separates into individual parts or “fragments.” Once these fragments have formed, they will start to grow and reproduce independently. There are a few things that you will need to perform this method successfully: succulent cuttings, rooting hormone, potting soil, and water. Succulent cuttings can be taken from any part of the plant, but the best place to take them from is the stem. Make sure that the end of the cutting is clean and free of any roots or leaves. Cut off a 1-inch section of the stem and remove any dirt or other debris. Place the succulent cutting into a potting soil mix and water it well. Allow it to soak up some moisture before planting it in a new location. Be sure to water it regularly during the first few weeks after planting. Once the succulent cutting has rooted, you will need to apply rooting hormone to help ensure a successful transplant. Apply the hormone once a week for two weeks. Once the succulent has taken hold in its new location, be sure to water sparingly and only when necessary.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through Asexual?

The process of Asexual Reproduction for succulents is fairly simple. The first step is to identify the succulents you would like to propagate. There are many different types of succulents, and each will require a slightly different process. Once you have identified the succulent you would like to propagate. The next step is to find a source of fresh, new plants. You can purchase plants directly from growers or online retailers, but wash them well before planting. There is no chance of introducing pests or diseases. Once you have your plants, follow these simple steps for Asexual Reproduction:

  • Remove any dead or damaged leaves and stem from the plant.
  • Fill a pot with enough soil to cover the roots of the succulent.
  • Plant the succulent in the soil and water it well.
  • Leave the plant in its pot for a few weeks to allow it to establish itself.
  • Once the plant has grown, please remove it from its pot and transfer it to a new one.
  • Continue to grow the succulent until you are happy with the results.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through pollination?

One way that succulents reproduce is through pollination. Pollination is when the male organ of a flower, such as an insect, touches the female organ of another flower to transfer pollen. This causes the flowers to produce fruit. Succulents can be pollinated by hand, with a spoon, or using a brush.

How Do Succulents Reproduce through cross-pollination?

Cross-pollination is the process of transferring pollen from one plant to another. This can be done by making physical contact or through the wind. When succulents are cross-pollinated, their offspring will be more varied in color and shape than if they were self-pollinated.

FAQ on How Do Succulents Reproduce

Do succulents reproduce on their own?

Succulents reproduce both sexually and asexually. Sexual reproduction occurs when the male and female reproductive organs join together and form seeds. Asexual reproduction can happen when a small succulent piece is broken off and forms a new plant.

How do you get succulents to multiply?

The process of succulent multiplication is a bit more complicated than simply planting a new succulent next to an old one. Succulents typically reproduce through offsets, which are small plants that grow on the side of the main plant. To get your succulents to multiply, you’ll need to remove these offsets and replant them in their pots. Be sure to water them regularly and give them plenty of sunlight; they should start growing new roots and branches in no time.

How do you make a succulent baby?

The succulent baby is created by taking a cutting from a succulent and rooting it in soil. The cutting is placed in well-draining soil and amended with compost or other organic matter. The cutting should be kept moist but not wet and should be given plenty of sunlight. Rooting will take several weeks, but it can be transplanted into a pot or garden bed once the cutting has rooted.

How fast do succulents multiply?

You can multiply succulents quickly through the process of vegetative propagation. This involves growing new plants from a section of an existing succulent. The new plants will be genetically identical to the parent plant and will often grow quickly.

Can you put succulent cuttings straight into the soil?

Succulent cuttings can be placed into the soil once removed from the mother plant. If the succulent is not yet rooted, it is best to place the cutting in a glass of water and wait for it to take root. Once the succulent has taken root, it can be transferred to the soil. Succulents prefer well-drained soil, so using a potting mix specifically designed for succulents is important.

Can you cut a succulent stem and replant it?

The succulent stem can be cut and replanted; however, it is important to note that not all succulent stems are created equal. Some succulent plants, such as the jade plant (Crassula ovata), will readily form roots when the stem is placed in soil. In contrast, other succulent plants, such as the aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis), will not form new roots unless the stem is cut into small pieces.

Can you plant succulents in just rocks?

Succulents can grow in various soil types, but they also do well in rocks. The rocks provide good drainage and help keep the succulent roots cool. If you are planting succulents in rocks, use a soil mix specifically for succulents to help them grow well.

What are succulent pups?

Succulent pups are baby cacti formed when a cactus is divided into two pieces. The new plants that grow from the cut sections are called pups. Succulent pups are easy to grow, and they will quickly mature into full-sized cacti.

Do succulents do better inside or outside?

There are some factors to consider when deciding where to place your succulent. Succulents prefer bright, indirect light, and if they are placed in direct sunlight, their leaves may scorch. If you are placing your succulents outside, make sure it is in an area that gets plenty of sunlight and is shaded from the hottest part of the day.

Do all succulents propagate?

No, not all succulents propagate. Some succulents reproduce through seeds, while others reproduce through offsets or division. Offsets are small plants that grow at the base of the mother plant, and division is when a succulent is cut into two or more pieces, and each piece grows into a new plant.

How to graft succulents?

Grafting succulents is joining two plants together so that they grow as one. The rootstock, or the plant used for the roots, is cut below the soil line and cleaned of any dirt or debris. The scion, or the plant used for the top, is cut into a small piece with at least one bud. The rootstock and scion are then placed in a moist paper towel and allowed to soak for about 30 minutes.


In conclusion, succulents reproduce in various ways, most commonly by sexual reproduction. Environmental factors can inhibit this process, such as lack of water or light. However, succulents have evolved to be able to reproduce asexually through cloning and propagation, which makes them a popular choice for gardeners.