Learn About 37 Different Orchid Types And Names

Orchids are one of the most popular flowers globally and come in various colors, shapes, and sizes. There are over 25,000 different types of orchids, making them one of the largest families of plants. With so many different orchid types and names, it can be hard to know where to start.

There are many types of orchids, each with unique looks and scents. Some of the most common orchid types include the phalaenopsis orchid, which is often brightly colored and has long petals; the Cymbidium orchid, which has small, colorful flowers that come in a range of sizes; and the Cattleya orchid, which is known for its large size and showy flowers. Orchids can also be classified according to their geographical location (tropical, subtropical, temperate), growth habits (epiphytic or terrestrial), and flowering season.

This guide will help you learn about 35 different types of orchids and their names to find the perfect one for your home or garden.

35 Different Orchid Types And Names

Each type of orchid has its own unique set of characteristics that make it special. Some orchid types are more commonly found in warm climates, while others prefer cooler climates. Here is a list of 35 different types of orchids with pictures and names:

Ludisia Orchids

Ludisia orchids are a diverse and beautiful group of orchids from Central America and South America. Ludisia orchids have tall, upright stems that can reach up to six feet. The flowers on Ludisia orchids are usually white, but they can also be shades of yellow, green, or red. The flowers on Ludisia orchids are very fragrant, and they attract pollinators like butterflies and bees. Some of the most common types of Ludisia orchids include the Gorgon Orchid (Gorgyra ludisiana), the White Orchid (Epipactis helleborine), and the Amazon Orchid (Amaryllis belladonna).

Lycaste Orchids

Lycaste orchids are the only type of orchids that reproduce through sexual reproduction. The males use a special organ to transfer pollen to the females. After pollination, the female will produce an orchid seed case. These cases can be wind-blown for distances up to 100 feet and germinate in just six weeks in favorable conditions. Some common Lycaste orchid varieties include the Commonly-plumed Orchid, the Elegant Lycaste Orchis, and the Umbrella Orchid.

Miltonia Orchids

Miltonia Orchids are a type of orchid native to the United States. These orchids have fragrant flowers that often have a pale pink color. Bees pollinate the Miltonia Orchids, and their fragrant flowers make them popular as houseplants. Some of the other common names for Miltonia Orchids include Miltonia, Pink Miltonia, and Sweet Anniella.

Oncidium Orchids

One of the most popular types of orchids is the Oncidium. These plants are often called “button orchids” because they have large, protruding flowers that look like buttons. The flowers of an Oncidium orchid can be different colors, including yellow, white, and purple.

One of the most distinguishing features of an Oncidium orchid is its lip. This feature consists of several petals that curve inward and are held together by a thin membrane. This membrane gives the lip its distinctive appearance and makes it difficult for insects to pollinate the flower.

“Oncidium” comes from the Greek word onkos, which means “wedge.” The name was given to these plants because of their shape, which is similar to the shape of a wedge.

Big-Eyed Orchid

The Big-Eyed Orchid is a type of orchid that has large, expressive eyes. This orchid is named after its large eyes, which are often the most prominent feature of the plant. The Big-Eyed Orchid is a popular choice for orchids because of its dramatic appearance.

The Big-Eyed Orchid is also versatile. It can be used to create a variety of flower arrangements, and its large flowers make it an excellent choice for centerpiece plants.

Phaius Orchids

The Phaius orchids are a genus of about 20 species of terrestrial orchids that occur in the tropics and subtropics. They are typically small, with a single, thick stem and large, showy flowers. Many species have distinctive markings on their petals, making them very easy to identify. Wasps and flies pollinate the Phaius orchids; some species are even self-pollinating.

Phragmipedium Orchids

The Phragmipedium orchid is a genus of about 20 orchids in the Orchid family. They are terrestrial or lithophytic plants that grow on forest floors in high humidity and temperature. The genus has four species, which vary greatly in appearance and range from small to large.

The Phragmipedium orchid is unusual because it has two separate types of flowers: anthers and petals. The anthers are small, yellow flowers that produce the pollen. At the same time, the petals are large, white flowers that attract pollinating insects. The specific name for this type of flower comes from the Ancient Greek word phragma, which means a wedge or blade.

Psychopsis Orchids

Psychopsis orchids are a orchid that is endemic to the United States. These orchids are usually found in wetter areas, such as along rivers and bogs. They have small, fragrant flowers that bloom from late spring to early summer. Some of the Psychopsis orchids found in the United States include the Psychopsis linearis and the Psychopsis lanceolata.

The genus name Psychopsis comes from the Ancient Greek word psykhe, which means soul. The specific name for these orchids comes from the Latin word pectus, which means view.

Vanda Orchids

The Vanda orchid is one of the most popular orchids in the world. This orchid is known for its showy flowers that come in various colors, including purple, pink, and white. Vanda orchids are epiphytes, meaning they grow on trees or other plants. They typically have long stems with large leaves. The flowers of the Vanda orchid grow at the end of the stem and are often very fragrant.

Zygopetalum Orchids

Zygopetalum orchids are native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. They are epiphytes, meaning they grow on other plants, and can be found in humid rainforests. Their long, strap-like leaves help them catch the sunlight, and their showy flowers attract pollinators. Zygopetalum orchids come in various colors, including red, pink, white, and yellow. Orchid collectors prize them for their beauty and rarity.

Tiger-Stripe Orchid

The Tiger-Stripe Orchid is a type of orchid characterized by the striped pattern on its petals. It is native to the tropics and subtropics and grows in areas with high humidity and plenty of sunlight. The orchid typically grows to around 3 feet and requires regular watering to survive. The Tiger-Stripe Orchid is known for its attractive variegated leaves, often used in floral arrangements.

Showy Tiger Orchid

The Showy Tiger Orchid is a type of orchid with large blooms that are brightly colored. It is typically found in warm regions, such as South America and Asia. Some of the different types of Showy Tiger Orchids include the Phalaenopsis orchid, which has pink, white, and yellow flowers, and the Oncidium orchid, which has fragrant purple flowers. The Showy Tiger Orchid is a popular choice for orchid enthusiasts. The flowers are often very brightly colored and look beautiful in floral arrangements.

Noble Rock Orchid

The Noble Rock Orchid is a beautiful flower indigenous to Madagascar’s island. It is a member of the Orchidaceae family and is closely related to the more common Lady Slipper Orchid. The Noble Rock Orchid is a terrestrial plant and can grow up to two feet tall. The plant’s leaves are large and leathery, and the flowers are small and white with purple spots. The Noble Rock Orchid blooms in November and December and is pollinated by bees. The Noble Rock Orchid is a rare and endangered species protected by law in Madagascar.

Halloween Orchid

Halloween Orchids are a type of orchid that are typically brightly colored and decorated with spooky decorations.

Some of the most popular Halloween orchid varieties include the Dracula’s Lips orchid, which features a bright red lip, and the Witch’s Brew orchid, adorned with black and green spider webs.

Other popular Halloween orchids include the Jack o’Lantern orchid, which features a green stem with orange spots, and the Ghost Orchid, which has pale pink flowers.

The Dracula’s Lips orchid is one of the most popular Halloween orchids because of its bright red lip.

The Witch’s Brew orchid is also popular because of its spooky decorations.

The Ghost Orchid is popular for its pale pink flowers.

Tiger’s Mouth Orchid

The Tiger’s Mouth Orchid is a perennial orchid that typically has several long, thin petals that curve outward. The orchid’s mouth is typically orange, yellow, or red, and it often has small black spots on its lip. The orchid grows best in moist conditions and can be found in the wild near waterfalls and moist forests.

The Tiger’s Mouth Orchid is one of the most popular orchids because of its unique looks and ability to grow in moist conditions.

Nun Orchid

The nun orchid (Phaius tankervilleae) is a terrestrial orchid that is native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. It is a relatively large orchid, typically reaching up to 2 feet (60 cm), with a stout stem and broad, glossy green leaves. The flowers are borne in a dense raceme at the top of the stem and are typically white or light pink. The nun orchid is pollinated by bees and other insects and produces clusters of round, black seeds.

Spotted Cat of the Mountain Orchid

The Spotted Cat of the Mountain orchid’s scientific name is Pseudorchis albida. This small white orchid can be found in mountainous areas of Europe and Asia. This orchid gets its name from the black spots on its petals, which resemble the markings on a cat’s fur. The Spotted Cat of the Mountain Orchid blooms in late spring and early summer, and it typically grows to a height of about 12 inches. This orchid is rare, and it is protected by law in some countries.

Easter Orchid

Easter Orchid is a type of orchid that blooms in April. The flowers are usually light pink with a darker center and sweet fragrance. The Easter Orchid is native to Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. Easter Orchids grow to about 18 inches and have long strap-like leaves.

Putty Root Orchid

The Putty Root Orchid, also known as the Ghost Orchid, is a rare type of orchid found in the eastern United States. This orchid is so rare that it was thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in the early 1990s. The Putty Root Orchid has a white or pale pink flower named for its putty-like root system. This orchid can be difficult to grow, but its unique beauty is worth it.

Queen of the Night Orchid

The Queen of the Night orchid is a type of orchid found in Central America and South America. This orchid is often confused with the Dendrobium orchids. Still, the Queen of the Night has smaller, dark purple flowers in color. The Queen of the Night Orchid has long, slender leaves and blooms in late spring and summer. The flowers are usually pollinated by bats, which helps to explain their name.

Ruffled Dancing Lady Orchid

The Ruffled Dancing Lady Orchid is a species of orchid native to the Philippines. It has a single stem that can grow up to 20 inches tall, and it is covered in long, narrow leaves. The flowers are small and pink, and they grow in clusters at the top of the stem. The petals are ruffled, and they dance in the breeze. The Ruffled Dancing Lady Orchid is popular because of its beautiful flowers and unique leaf shape.

Cockleshell Orchid

The Cockleshell Orchid is a type of orchid known for its unusual shaped petals. The petals are shaped like cockscomb, and the orchid gets its name from the resemblance. The orchid grows in North America and Europe and is considered a hardy plant. The flowers are usually purple, but they can also be yellow or white. The Cockleshell Orchid is popular because of its unusual shape and beautiful flowers.

Pink Lady’s Slipper Orchid

The Pink Lady’s Slipper orchid is a beautiful orchid that can be found all over the United States. It is a type of Epidendrum, and it has lovely, fragrant flowers that are deep pink. The plant grows about two feet tall and has thin, wiry stems. The flowers are arranged in a circular pattern on long stems, and they stay open for about two weeks. The Pink Lady’s Slipper orchid is popular because of its beautiful flowers and easy care.

Pink Grass Orchid

The pink grass orchid, Calopogon tuberosus, is a perennial herb with a stout, underground stem. It produces 1-2 showy, terminal spikes of flowers that are typically bright pink (occasionally white) from late spring to early summer. Each flower has three petals and three sepals, and the column (or “stick”) running up the center of the flower is light green to yellowish. The fruit is a dry capsule containing numerous small seeds.

Grass pink orchids grow in wet meadows, marshes, and wet woods in eastern North America. They are listed as threatened in Ohio and New York and endangered in Connecticut.

Moth Orchids

Moth Orchids are a type of orchid that is typically fairly small, with lovely purple and white petals. They are often difficult to find in stores but can be found online. The moth orchid is named for the way the petals fold back over the lip of the flower, resembling a moth’s wings.

Moth orchids are native to Central and South America but are now found in many parts of the world. They grow best in well-drained soil and need partial to full sun. They should be watered regularly but do not require fertilization. Moth orchids are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 4 through 9.

Scarlet Cattleya Orchid

The Scarlet Cattleya Orchid is a beautiful flower often used in bouquets and arrangements. It has bright red petals that are accented by green leaves. The Scarlet Cattleya Orchid grows best in warm, humid environments and blooms from late winter to early spring.

The Scarlet Cattleya Orchid is native to the rainforests of South America. It can be found growing wild in many parts of the world. It needs a moist environment and can grow up to 2 feet tall. The Scarlet Cattleya Orchid blooms from late winter to early spring and should be placed in a spot with plenty of sunlight. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 9 through

Mayflower Orchid

The Mayflower Orchid is a member of the orchid family. This type of orchid blooms in shades of pink, purple and white. The flowers have a long stem and are shaped like a bell. The Mayflower Orchid is native to North America but can also be found in Europe and other parts.

The Mayflower Orchid needs well-drained soil and partial to full sun. It should be watered regularly but does not require fertilization. The Mayflower Orchid grows best when planted in a sheltered location from wind and rain.

Brassavola Orchids

Brassavola orchids are a type of epiphytic orchid. This means that they grow on other plants, not in the ground. Brassavola orchids get their nutrients from the air and rainwater. They have thick, waxy leaves that help them to collect these nutrients.

Brassavola orchids come in colors, including white, pink, and purple. They are often fragrant, and some people say they smell like fresh laundry.

Brassavola orchids are easy to care for and can be grown indoors or outdoors. They need plenty of light and humidity to thrive, so make sure to place them in a sunny spot near a window or a humid environment such as the bathroom.

Angraecum Orchids

The Angraecum orchids are a genus of about 30 species of terrestrial orchids that are found in Southeast Asia, China, and Vietnam. The genus was first described by the French botanist Jules Émile Planchon in 1854.

The Angraecum orchids are terrestrial orchids that grow on trees or shrubs. They have a fleshy, spongy stem that is covered in small bumps. The leaves are fan-like and measure about 18 inches long by 6 inches wide. The flowers are white, pink, or purple and measure about 3 inches wide by 2 inches long.

The Angraecum orchids need moderate to high light levels to thrive. They should be kept moist at all times but do not require fertilization.

Catasetum Orchids

Catasetum orchids are a beautiful addition to any garden. They have a unique appearance, with a long, spiky stem and large, showy flowers. The flowers come in various colors, including red, orange, yellow, green, and purple. They can be grown in either pot or the ground, requiring moderate watering and sunlight.

The Catasetum orchids are a genus of about 60 species of terrestrial orchids that are found in Southeast Asia, China, and Vietnam. The name “Catasetum” is derived from the Ancient Greek word “kataskhos” meaning “whirlwind”. The genus was first described by the French botanist Jules Émile Planchon in 1854.

The Catasetum orchids are terrestrial orchids that grow on trees or shrubs. They have a fleshy, spongy stem that is covered in small bumps. The leaves are fan-like and measure about 18 inches long by 6 inches wide. The flowers are white, pink, or purple and measure about 3 inches wide by 2 inches long.

The Catasetum orchids grow best in light, moist conditions. They do not require fertilization and are best grown in pots.

Cattleya Orchids

The Cattleya Orchid is one of the most popular types of orchids. They come in various colors, including pink, white, and purple. The flowers are typically large and fragrant. Cattleya orchids need bright light but not direct sun. They prefer moist soil but can tolerate dry conditions once they are established.

Cycnoches Orchids

Cycnoches orchids are a genus of about 30 species of orchids endemic to the New World. All but one of these species are found in Mexico, with the remainder scattered throughout Central and South America. Some very common Cycnoches orchids include the Bolivian Torch Orchid (C. boliviana), which can grow to 2 meters tall, and the Mexican Eaglewing Orchid (C. eurycarpa), which can grow up to 3 meters tall.

The name “Cycnoches” is derived from the Ancient Greek word “kuknos,” meaning “foolish.” This was about some early botanists who believed that this genus was a group of unrelated orchids. However, modern taxonomy has shown that Cycnoches orchids are closely related to Cattleya orchids.

Cymbidium Orchids

Cymbidium orchids are a type of orchid that is characterized by their tall, arching stems and large, showy flowers. The flowers come in various colors, including white, pink, red, orange, and yellow. They are often used as cut flowers due to their long vase life. Cymbidium orchids grow best in warm, humid environments and require moderate fertilizer and water.

The genus Cymbidium is named after the Greek god Cymbalus. The name comes from the ancient Greek word “kumbydos,” which means “little drum.” This was about the sound that the flowers make when they are shaken.

Dendrobium Orchids

Dendrobium orchids are one of the most popular types of orchids. They come in various colors and shapes and are often displayed in arrangements.

Common dendrobium orchid types include the Dendrobium phalaenopsis, Dendrobium nudum, Dendrobium leucorhodon, and Dendrobium sanderi. These orchids typically have large leaves and fragrant flowers that vary in color from white to light pink to purple. Dendrobium orchids grow best in warm, moist environments and require moderate fertilizer and water.

The genus Dendrobium is named after the Greek god Dendrobes. The name comes from the ancient Greek word “dendron,” meaning “a tree trunk.” This was about the thick, fleshy roots that dendrobium orchids have.

Masdevallia Orchids

Masdevallia orchids are a type of orchid that is often confused with other orchids. Masdevallia orchids have a distinctive look and often have twisted, coiled roots. These plants are native to Central America and can grow up to three feet tall. Bees pollinate Masdevallia orchids, but they also can be pollinated by wind.

Common masdevallia orchid types include the Masdevallia floribunda, Masdevallia lindenii, and Masdevallia Chinensis. These orchids have fragrant flowers that can come in various colors, including yellow, white, and pink. Masdevallia orchids grow best in warm climates and require good drainage. They should be fertilized every two to three weeks during the growing season.

FAQ On Different Orchid Types And Names

What are the major types of orchids?

There are about 25,000 species of orchids, making it the largest family of flowering plants. The three main types of orchids are epiphytes, lithophytes, and terrestrials. Epiphytes grow on other plants, such as trees, and get their moisture and nutrients from the air and rain. Lithophytes grow on rocks and get their moisture and nutrients from the soil and rain. Terrestrials live on land and get their moisture and nutrients from the ground.

How do I know what type of orchid I have?

There are many ways to determine the type of orchid you have. One way is to look at the stem. Some orchids have long, slender stems that are easy to maneuver. Others have short, fat stems that are difficult to move. The leaves may also give you a hint about the type of orchid you have. Some orchids have broad leaflets that are easy to see and identify. In contrast, others have narrower leaves that are less visible.

Additionally, some orchids have flowers on top of their stem rather than below it like most other plants. This is a good clue whether you have an epiphyte or terrestrial orchid. Finally, some orchids come in different colors, which can also help narrow down your choices.

How many different types of orchid species are there?

There are estimated to be between 25,000 and 30,000 different species of orchid, making it the largest family of flowering plants in the world. Orchids can be found on every continent except Antarctica, and in almost every environment, from rainforests to deserts. While there are many different orchids, they all share some common characteristics, including a three-parted stigma, a single pollinator, and the ability to form pseudobulbs.

What is the most common orchid?

The most common orchid is the Phalaenopsis, a tropical orchid that can be found in many color variations. These orchids are often used in flower arrangements and can be placed in various settings, including indoors or outdoors. Phalaenopsis orchids are easy to care for and can last for several months with the right care.

What are small orchids called?

Small orchids are typically called “miniatures” or “dwarfs”. They are classified in the genus Cattleya, which contains over 100 species. The flowers of these orchids are usually less than 2 inches wide and come in various colors. Some of the most popular miniature orchid varieties include Cattleya mossiae, Cattleya loddigesii, and Cattleya trianae.

What are large orchids called?

Large orchids are typically called “specimens” or “specimen plants”. These plants can reach sizes of 3-4 feet in height and 2-3 feet in width. They are often used in flower arrangements and are considered a prized possession by many gardeners. The flowers of these plants can be quite large, measuring up to 8 inches across, and are often a beautiful shade of purple or pink.

How do I tell if my orchid is male or female?

Orchid plants can be difficult to identify for their sex, but a few methods can help. One way is to look at the shape of the lip on the flower. If elongated and more pointed, the plant is likely to be a male. If the lip is more rounded and flared, it is likely to be a female. Another method is to look at the column of the flower.

Which is the rarest orchid?

The rarest orchid is the Phaius tankervilleae, also known as the Lady’s Slipper orchid. This orchid can be found in the United Kingdom and parts of Europe. It is a difficult orchid to cultivate, and it is also quite rare in the wild.

Is Cattleya an orchid?

Yes, Cattleya is an orchid. The term ‘orchid’ refers to a large group of flowering plants with certain characteristics. Their flowers are borne on a spike (raceme), and their sepals and petals are generally similar in size and shape. Orchids are found worldwide, and there are estimated to be more than 25,000 different species.

What is the largest orchid?

The largest orchid is the Grammatophyllum speciosum. It can grow up to 3 meters in height and has a bulb the size of a soccer ball. The plant produces many large, showy flowers that can be up to 1 meter in diameter.

Conclusion 

In conclusion, orchids come in many shapes, sizes, and colors. There are over 25,000 different types of orchids, and each one has its unique name. If you’re interested in growing orchids, it’s important to learn about the different types and how to care for them. Orchid care is not difficult, but it does require some patience and know-how.

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